Let’s start directly with the question: What is a Shih Tzu and how do you identify one? His name in a literal translation means a small lion, but there is nothing wild about this cute little dog. He is a dog eager to love, and always friendly. Shih Tzu is an ancient dog and, according to historical data, is one of the 14 oldest breeds of dogs on earth. Images on the Chinese caves testify that the small Shih Tzu walked about 8,000 years before the new era. Today’s appearance, as experts say, is thanks to mixing the races – Pekingese and Lhasa Apso.